Knowledge is power, learn in order to protect. As a consumer, there is a responsibility to get the most for each dollar spent. Judging carpet can be very simple and, believe it or not, it isn’t based just on sinking your fingers into it. Below, please find your complete guide to carpeting types and features
There are really two questions you need to consider first when choosing a new carpet: how much foot traffic will the area get and how much dirt and staining is it likely to endure?
For high traffic areas, you’ll want to look for features that increase resistance to wear. In areas where dirt and staining are likely to be a problem, you should seek carpets with stain resistant fibers.
Density tells you how tightly the fibers are packed together in the carpet. Denser carpet is heavier and resists crushing, so it holds up better under heavy traffic. It is measured in ounces per yard. Weight is a measure of how much fiber there is above the backing, which is a function of the density and length of fibers. Basically, it measures how much carpet you’ll feel underfoot. Generally, the greater the density and weight, the higher quality the carpet and the more it will resist wear.
Most carpets sold in the U.S. today are made from nylon fibers. Nylon is the strongest fiber available, so it resists crushing and holds up well under heavy traffic. With stain treatment, it is moderately stain resistant. Polyester fibers offer excellent color quality and natural stain resistance. They have a soft, luxurious feel but may crush and mat in heavy traffic. Poypropylene/Olefin offers superior stain resistance and colorfastness, but is also more prone to crushing than nylon. Wool is a premium, natural fiber that offers a luxurious finish. It is more expensive than other fibers and provides good stain resistance. Acrylics, known as man-made wool, offers the look and feel of wool at a lower cost. It resists static, moisture, mildew crushing, and stains. However, it is not durable enough to withstand heavy traffic.
The next consideration after performance is carpet style. The main types of carpet styles are cut-pile and looped pile. Cut pile is the more common kind of carpeting with individual strands cut across the top. Loop pile carpeting, common in commercial facilities, has fibers that are looped in and out of the backing.
In many ways, a carpet is only as good as its pad. Don’t fall into the temptation of cutting corners on padding just because it doesn’t show. Padding dramatically affects how well a carpet wears, how well it insulates from cold and sound, and how cushiony it feels year-after-year.